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1ère année
2ème année




Phrasal verbs.

Relative clauses.


The Passive

irregular verbs

Phrasal verbs.



Choose the suitable phrasal verbs from the list to replace the words in italics. Make any necessary changes .

put on / put off / wake up / hand out / make up / look up / pick up / turn off / take off / write down

  1. The baby got up because of the ringing of the telephone.
    • The baby woke up because of the ringing of the telephone .Key
  2. The teachers distributed the prizes among the best students.Key
  3. Please, would you lift these old newspapers from the floor?Key
  4. You should remove your shoes in the mosque. Key
  5. The police inspector took down the witnesses? names and addresses in his notebook. Key
  6. The little boy only invented the complete story. Key
  7. They decided to delay their wedding party because of the death of the bride?s grandfather. Key
  8. She forgot to switchoff the radio. Key
  9. Please, search for this word in the dictionary! Key



Exercise 2

Match the phrasal verbs and the meanings .

  1. to give out Key
  2. to turn out Key
  3. to fade away Key
  4. to sit down Key
  5. to give up Key
  6. to speak out Key
  7. to rise up Key

  • A. to take a seat
  • B. to speak boldly, freely and plainly
  • C. to distribute
  • D. to revolt
  • E. to produce
  • F. to deliver or allow to pass to someone else
  • G. to disappear or die gradually


Exercise 3

Fill in each blank with the right phrasal verb from the list making the necessary changes .

set up take after turn down look forward to look up let down

  1. ?We are really __________ seeing you again.? Key
  2. I?ll have to __________ your plan because it is not convincing. Key
  3. The company should __________ some new branches all over the country.Key
  4. I don?t know this word. Can you __________ it ______ in your dictionary? Key
  5. Don?t worry! He will not __________ you ______ because he is very reliable person. Key
  6. Sue really __________ her mother; she has the same eyes, nose and hair. Key


Exercise 4

Match the phrasal verbs and the definitions.

  1. to get on with somebody. Key
  2. to look after someone/something Key
  3. to pick up something Key
  4. to set off Key
  5. to find out Key
  6. to turn down Key
  7. to tell off Key
  8. to fall for Key
  9. to come across someone/something Key

A. to leave on a journey

B. to refuse an offer or the person who makes it

C. to speak to someone angrily because he/she has done something wrong

D. to meet or find someone/something by chance

E. to have a friendly relationship with someone

F. to fall in love with someone

G. to learn something without formal lessons

H. to get some information by asking or studying

I. to be responsible for or take care of someone/something


Exercise 5

Fill in each blank with the right phrasal verb from the list making the necessary changes .

turn down look after get on with pick up come across

  1. ?I want to go back to work if I can find somebody to __________ ______ my little daughter,? Susan told her neighbour. Key
  2. James?s son, Joe, __________ ______ a lot of Italian by playing with the local children. Key
  3. Kate __________ ______ well ______ her colleagues at work.Key
  4. Jean asked Ron to marry her but he __________ her ______.Key
  5. I __________ ______ this old Swiss clock at a thrift shop downtown. Key





Relative clauses

Exercise 1

Choose the correct answer .

  1. The car, __________ is grey, belongs to Youssef. (which/who/whose) Key
  2. Ito, __________ is a Japanese engineer, works for World Computers. (which/who/whose) Key
  3. Pierre , __________ is a talented cook, lives in Lyon. (which/who/whose) Key
  4. Do you see those cats __________ are lying on the sofa? (which/who/whose) Key
  5. Does she know the girl __________ father is a nurse? (which/who/whose)Key
  6. Did I tell you about the man __________ eats four kilogrammes of apples in twenty minutes? (which/who/whose) Key
  7. The girls __________ we met yesterday at Janes? birthday party are very boastful. (which/who/whose) Key


Exercise 2

Choose the correct answer .

  1. A mall is a building __________ you can do your shopping. (who/where/which) Key
  2. A night is the time of a day __________ it is dark outside. (when/who/where)Key
  3. A cookery book is a book __________ you can look up recipes. (which/when/where)Key
  4. A pickpocket is a person __________ steals purses from pockets and bags. (who/where/which) Key
  5. Carnivores are animals __________ live on meat. (who/where/which) Key
  6. An acronym is a word __________ is the opposite of another word. (which/where/when) Key
  7. Winter is the season of the year __________ it rains heavily. (where/when/who) Key


Exercise 3

Join the pairs of sentences with who or which .

  1. The woman was sick. She looked very pale. Key
  2. Some people were waiting in the emergency room. It was very crowded. Key
  3. The doctor called a nurse. She came quickly. Key
  4. The doctor gave the patient an injection. It made her fall asleep. Key
  5. The Olympic Games were exciting. Many people watched them live on TV. Key
  6. Youssef and Hind spent their holiday in Dover. Dover is in the south of Great Britain. Key
  7. Arthur Conan Doyle was born in Scotland. He wrote the Sherlock Holmes stories. Key



Exercise 4

Complete the sentences using who and which .

  1. A freezer is a thing (freeze food and water). Key
  2. A DJ is someone (play music in a disco). Key
  3. A bee is an insect (make honey).Key
  4. An apple is a fruit (be yellow or red and sweet). Key
  5. A Dutch is a person (come from the Netherlands). Key
  6. A caoch is a vehicle (carry people from a town to another town). Key
  7. A salesperson is someone (work in a shop). Key



Exercise 5

Complete the sentences using whose and which

  1. I saw the man __________ car you damaged. Key
  2. He went back to live in the house __________ stood on the corner in Regent Avenue. Key
  3. He couldn't remember __________ movie by Steven Spielberg he had seen. Key
  4. That's the man __________ wife works with my wife in National Bank. Key
  5. The woman __________ dog bit you is a police officer. Key





Exercise 1

Put the words in brackets in the correct present tense .

  • The earth (circle) the sun, but it (circles, not) the moon. Key
  • Every Thursday morning, Mrs Smith (drive) her kids to the tennis club. Key
  • Sue (work) as a secretary at Bromley International Bank, but this summer she (study) German at a language school in Berlin. That is why she is in Germany. Key
  • Keep quiet! The baby (sleep). Key
  • Sheila (have) a severe headache for several hours. Key
  • He (hate) living in Britain because it (rain) a lot. Key
  • I'm sorry I can't hear what you (say) because everybody (talk) so loudly. Key



Exercise 2

Put the verbs in brackets in the past tense .

  1. They (watch) an American movie when Sue called last night. Key
  2. If I (drink) so much coffee, I would not be able to sleep. Key
  3. I'm really hungry because I (not, have) breakfast this morning. Key
  4. I (fall) off my bike yesterday, but I (not, hurt) myself. Key
  5. Allan (get) wet while he (walk) in the rain.Key
  6. They (slip) and (fall) while they (climb) the mountain. Key
  7. I (can, not) see you yesterday. I (be) out of town. Key



Exercise 3

Put the verbs in brackets in the correct future tense .

  • They (climb) the Himalaya Mountains this time next year. Key
  • Nancy (take) her final exams in a couple of days? time. Key
  • By 2025, Mr. Smith and his wife (retire). Key
  • The maid (clean) the rooms tonight. Key
  • In five years? time, the local authorities (build) a new hospital in this area. Key
  • ?I?m not certain you (pass) your driving test,? Betty told James. Key
  • I (have) a cup of tea and (watch) football this time next Sunday. Key



Exercise 4

Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense .

  1. I don't understand you. What (you, talk) about? Key
  2. By the end of 2007, Susan (teach) English for ten years in South Korea. Key
  3. Mr. Smith (travel) widely since he was 16. Key
  4. How long you (work) as a computer programmer?Key
  5. If you (not, find) my wallet, I would have been very sad. Key
  6. The leader of the party (talk) for hours about nothing. Key
  7. (You, go) to the pictures next Sunday in the evening? Key



Exercise 5

Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense .

  1. The athletes (train) for the Olympic Games at the moment. Key
  2. How long you (work) in this school? Key
  3. Call on me after midday. I (arrive) home by then. Key
  4. She (promise) herself she would never make the same mistake again. Key
  5. ?(You, can) park your car over there,? the policeman told the driver. Key
  6. My uncle (take) me to pictures tomorrow. Key
  7. (You, sing) at Kate?s birthday party two days ago? Key



The Passive

Remember these!

Present tenses

am/is/are + past participle

am/is/are + being + past participle

have/has been + past participle

Past tenses

was/were + past participle

was/were + being + past participle

had been + past participle

Future tenses

will be + past participle

will have + been + past participle

is/are going to be + past participle

Present/Future modals

modal + be + past participle

Past modals

modal + have been + past participle


a. Turn these sentences into the passive.

  1. My uncle manages a huge firm.
  2. My children like toys very much.
  3. My little sister sometimes asks stupid questions.
  4. Those people are talking about politics.
  5. They are writing the test exercises at the present time.
  6. Kamal is carrying a heavy box.
  7. I have sent a parcel to the USA.
  8. Jalil has received two letters.
  9. Willy has bought a limousine.

b. Turn these sentences into the passive.

  1. Ziryab composed some beautiful love songs.
  2. Hind lost her family in a road accident.
  3. The customer ordered a green salad and a cheese sandwich.
  4. I was cleaning my room when the light went out.
  5. My wife was making a pizza when I arrived home.
  6. The teacher was explaining the irregular verbs to the students.
  7. She had taken all my books.
  8. I replied the teacher?s question politely.
  9. Pablo Picasso had painted Guernica in 1937.

c. Turn these sentences into the passive.

  1. Jalil and Jamal will finish the job tomorrow.
  2. The dog will eat the bone.
  3. They will move before June.
  4. He will have begun the job by next week.
  5. Man will have set colonies in the moon by the year 2050.
  6. I will have completed his high studies by the end of next year.
  7. They are going to have some Chinese food for dinner.
  8. Jalil is going to offer me a watch for my coming birthday.
  9. She is going to invite her friends for lunch next weekend.

d. Turn these sentences into the passive.

  1. Jalil can speak two foreign languages.
  2. The firm may give a high rise to the workers.
  3. The lazy students might get weak marks in the test.
  4. Jamal should learn the irregular verbs.
  5. Drivers ought to respect the traffic law.
  6. Obese people had better practise sport everyday.
  7. Moroccan people must apply for visas to travel to the UK.
  8. The prisoners have to clean their cells every weekend.

e. Turn these sentences into the passive.

  1. My little brother should have broken the vase.
  2. He should have got a bad mark in the French test.
  3. Students ought to have learned the irregular verbs by heart.
  4. The bank may have received my fax.
  5. The boss may have offered Jamal a new duty in the company.
  6. She might have done the homework correctly.
  7. They might have had dinner in a Chinese diner.
  8. The ministers of foreign affairs might have talked about the world economic crisis.


Irregular verbs


a. Put the verbs in brackets in the simple past.

  1. Imane ?????? to find that it was already ten o?clock. (awake)
  2. I ?????? nervous as the final exam came closer. (become)
  3. He ?????? reading ?War and Peace? last month and he still haven?t finished it. (begin)
  4. A rich woman ?????? $2.000.000 for the two paintings. (bid)
  5. The police ?????? the criminal?s hands behind his back. (bind)
  6. Hicham El-Guerrouj ?????? the world record for the 1500 metres in 3.26.00 minutes. (break)
  7. The BBC first ?????? in 1936. (broadcast)
  8. They ?????? a new public library near my school. (build)
  9. It was a huge fire and all the furniture ??????. (burn)
b. Put the verbs in brackets in the simple past.  
  1. She ?????? a woollen scarf for her husband in Paris. (buy)
  2. The policewoman ran after the thief and ?????? him. (catch)
  3. I ?????? first in the latest English test. (come)
  4. The cat ?????? silently towards the mouse and caught it. (creep)
  5. He ?????? his finger with a knife. (cut)
  6. I woke up to find that I wasn?t really rich. I only ?????? it. (dream)
  7. The old lady?s loneliness ?????? her to commit suicide. (drive)
  8. My little brother ?????? over and hurt his knee. (fall)
  9. She ?????? a piece of glass in the pizza. (find)

c. Put the verbs in brackets in the simple past.

  1. When the hunter fired his gun the tiger turned and ?????? (flee)
  2. My sister ?????? a job as a secretary in a bank. (get)
  3. Jalil?s uncle ?????? him a digital camera for his birthday. (give)
  4. My grandfather ?????? blind when he was sixty. (go)
  5. The young man ?????? himself in a fit of depression. (hung)
  6. A motorbike ?????? the old lady while she was crossing the street. (hit)
  7. My grandmother ?????? a sweater for the coming winter. (knit)
  8. She ?????? her baby gently down on its bed. (lay)
  9. Pablo Picasso ?????? Spain and went to live in France. (leave)

d. Put the verbs in brackets in the simple past.

  1. The paintings ?????? a touch of beauty to the office. (lend)
  2. He ?????? his family in a road accident last year. (lose)
  3. The manager?s stupid remark ?????? the situation worse. (make)
  4. He ?????? the lawn once last month. (mow)
  5. He ?????? nearly $100 for these jeans. (paid)
  6. I ?????? in the newspaper that they found a cure for migraine. (read)
  7. The temperature nearly ?????? to 45� yesterday. (rise)
  8. The teacher ?????? we should hand in our composition on ?air pollution? before Friday. (say)
  9. He ?????? his car for nearly nothing. (sell)

e. Put the verbs in brackets in the simple past.

  1. He asked a man the way to the nearest post office but he ?????? me in the wrong way. (send)
  2. As he was very hungry, the wife ?????? a large bowl of soup in front of her husband. (set)
  3. The young lady?s voice ?????? with sorrow as she described the deadly accident. (shake)
  4. The hunter ??????the deer in its back. (shoot)
  5. The little girl ?????? herself in her bedroom and refused to talk to her parents. (shut)
  6. Titanic ?????? to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. (sink)
  7. I only ?????? for a couple of hours last night. (sleep)
  8. ?The murderer ?????? his hand into his pocket, took out a gun and killed the lady,? the witness
  9. said. (slide)
  10. I ?????? two weeks in London last summer. (spend)

f. Put the verbs in brackets in the simple past.

  1. Jalil ?????? round when he heard someone call his name. (spin)
  2. She took a small sip of the juice and ?????? it out. (spit)
  3. The bad weather ?????? our holiday. (spoil)
  4. The terrorist kidnapped a little girl and ?????? a car. (steal)
  5. The epidemic ?????? the village within a few days. (sweep)
  6. It ?????? me five years to learn German. (take)
  7. My parents ?????? always to tell the truth. (teach)
  8. He ?????? on my toe and didn?t even say sorry
  9. Tolstoy ?????? ?War and Peace?. (write)


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