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A. KHARIF

Unit 1:             Verb patterns

             Put the verbs between brackets into the correct form.

1       They enjoyed (be) on holiday by the sea.                                  2       The weather was awful. It didn’t stop (rain) all week.
3       We hope (arrive) by half past seven.                                         4       My sister has agreed (help) with the decorating.
5       She loves (work) for herself.                                                        6       Please let me (pay) for the drinks.
7       I was a bit tired. So, I stopped (have) a rest.                              8       We chose (travel) by boat rather than by plane.
9       The food was awful. It made me (feel) ill.                                 10     They managed (save) enough to buy a car.
11     I can’t stand (work) in an office.                                                  12     We expect you (arrive) on time.
13     His parents don’t allow him (stayup) after ten o’clock.           14     I would hate (miss) your party.
15     They can’t promise (finish) the work today.                              16     He hates (use) computers.
17     I’m really looking forward to (start) my new course.               18     They can’t help us (move) house.
19     She refused (answer) the phone.                                               20     I don’t mind (drive) to the restaurant.
 
Unit 2:             Modals

A      Rewrite the following sentences as indicated.

1       It isn't necessary for him to apologise.                                                             He needn’t .......................................................
2       It wasn't necessary for him to apologise.                                                         He needn’t .......................................................
3       I advise you not to lift that heavy desk by yourself.                                        You shouldn’t ...................................................
4       I advised you not to lift that heavy desk by yourself.                                      You shouldn’t ...................................................
5       Perhaps he doesn't realise what he has to do.                                               Hemight .........................................................
6       Perhaps he didn't realise what he had to do.                                                  He might .........................................................
7       I’m sure Ben tells Sara our secrets.                                                                  Ben must ..........................................................
8       I’m sure Ben told Sara our secrets.                                                                   Ben must ..........................................................
9       Why don't you talk to me about your problems?                                            You ought .........................................................
10     Why didn't you talk to me about your problems?                                           You ought .........................................................

B      Put the verbs between brackets into the correct form.

1       She shouldn’t (wash) ............................ her clothes in hot water because they will shrink.
2       She shouldn’t (wash) ............................ her clothes in hot water because they shrank.
3       We needn’t (buy) ............................ her flowers today. She has already received plenty of them.
4       We needn’t (buy) ............................ her flowers yesterday. She had already received plenty of them.
5       He might (tell) ............................ you that he needed help.
6       He might (tell) ............................ you if he needs help.

Unit 3:             Past Perfect

             Rewrite the following sentences using the connectors between brackets.

1       We heard a terrible noise. We ran out. (after)
2       She lost her way. She telephoned her friend to ask for the way. (as soon as)
3       Mr Pitt fell downstairs. He was taken to hospital. (before)
4       Tom had his PhD in Japanese in 1970. He started teaching it. (once)
5       The thief made a stupid mistake. The police caught him. (because)
6       She met your brother. She told him the whole story. (when)

Unit 4:             Future Perfect

             Put the verbs between brackets into the future perfect.

1          I hope they (repair) …………………….. this road by the time we come back next summer.
2          By the end of next week my wife (do) …………………….. her spring cleaning and we'll all be able to relax again.
3          Yes, I make jam every week. I (make) …………………….. about 200 kilos by the end of the summer.
4          In two months' time he (finish) …………………….. his preliminary training and will be starting work.
5          He spends all his spare time planting trees. He says that by the end of next year he (plant) ……………...  2,000.
6          He's only 35 but he's started losing his hair already. He (lose) …………………….. it all by the time he's 50.
7          Come back in an hour. I (do) …………………….. my packing by then and we'll be able to have a talk.
8          When he reaches Land's End he (walk) …………………….. 1,500 miles.
9          By the end of my tour I (give) …………………….. exactly the same lecture 53 times.

Unit 5:             Passive

             Put the sentences into the passive beginning with the underlined words.

1          They wrote the letter.                         2          They've made mistakes.                   3          They blew the whistle.
4          They've brought the book.                5          They build houses.                             6          They bought the carpet.
7          They've taken the chair.                    8          They will use English.                        9          They chose the present.
10        They're cutting the cake.                   11        They’re dealing the cards.                12        They do a lot of work.
13        They will sell the car.                         14        They'd found the ring.                        15        They are eating sandwiches.
16        They promoted Mr Brown.                17        They've hidden the watch.                18        They lost the books.

Unit 6:             Phrasal verbs

             Fill in the blanks with the correct phrasal verbs.

(a)        back up                       support                                     1          My car ................... miles from anywhere.
(b)        be away                      be absent                                2          It ................... you to make the decision.
(c)        be back                       return                                        3          Will you ................... me ................... at the meeting?
(d)        be in                             be at home                              4          George ................... of the office.
(e)        be out                          not be there                             5          Joe's still asleep, but Pat ...................
(f)         be over                        be finished                              6          When will the lesson ...................?
(g)        be up                           be out of bed                          7          How long has he ...................        from home?
(h)        be up to                       be sb’s responsibility            8          If you go now, when will you ...................?
(i)         blow up                       explode                                    9          Paul ................... not ..................., but he'll be back soon.
(j)         break down                fail                                             10        He lit the fuse and the bridge ...................
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

(a)        bring up                       educate                                    1          Please ................... that awful noise.
(b)        call for                         collect                                       2          How should children be ...................?
(c)        call on                          visit                                           3          They have ................... the electricity.
(d)        carry on                       continue                                   4          He ................... the rent on Thursdays.
(e)        catch up                      reach                                        5          I hope our little plan ...................
(f)         clear up                       improve                                   6          The weather is beginning to ...................
(g)        come off                     succeed                                   7          I shall never ................... with Richard.
(h)        cut off                          disconnect                               8          Shall we ................... Betty tonight?
(i)         cut out                          stop                                           9          ...................! Don't stop because of me.
(j)         do up                           fasten                                       10        Please ................... your buttons and zip.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

(a)        do up                           decorate                                  1          Will the police ... my stolen car?
(b)        drop in                         visit                                           2          I'm going now. I'll ... late.
(c)        fall off                          decrease                                 3          Please ... for a drink any time.
(d)        fill in                             complete                                 4          Sales have begun to ... now.
(e)        find out                        discover                                   5          Would you ... this form, please?
(f)         fix up                            arrange                                    6          That man would ... with murder!
(g)        get away                     escape                                     7          We must ... an appointment soon.
(h)        get back                      return                                        8          I could never ... what he'd done.
(i)         get back                      recover                                     9          The plane ... at 10 p.m. and took off at 11 p.m.
(j)         get in                            arrive                                        10        To ... this flat will cost a lot.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

(a)        get off                          alight                                        1          We ... the bus at our destination.
(b)        get on                          progress                                  2          I wish you would ... smoking!
(c)        get on                          embark                                    3          I want to ... him ... his money.
(d)        get on                          be friendly                               4          John ... immediately on waking.
(e)        get out                         exit from                                  5          Here's the train. ... quickly!
(f)         get over                       recover from                           6          He doesn't ... with his relatives.
(g)        get up                          arise                                         7          How is your English ...?
(h)        give back                    return                                        8          Susan will soon ... her cold.
(i)         give up                        stop                                           9          Can you help Sue ... of the car?
(j)         go away                      leave                                        10        Peter has ... from home.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

(a)        go on                           continue                                   1          Slow down! I can't ... with you.
(b)        go out                          leave                                        2          You should ... your English at home.
(c)        go round                     suffice                                      3          ... I won't interrupt you again.
(d)        go up                           increase                                   4          How can we ... all these draughts?
(e)        hold on                        wait                                           5          Train fares are ... this month.
(f)         hold up                        delay                                        6          There's not enough whisky to ...
(g)        keep out                      exclude                                    7          Mary ... of the house an hour ago.
(h)        keep up                       maintain                                  8          ... while I call Sue to the phone.
(i)         keep up                       remain level                            9          Sally ... Jim ... by marrying John.
(j)         let down                      disappoint                               10        The traffic-jam ... me ...
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

(a)        look after                     protect                                      1          Mary ... her face without a mirror.
(b)        look at                          regard                                      2          I'm ... meeting the chairman.
(c)        look for                        seek                                          3          ...! A car's coming straight at you.
(d)        look forward to           expect (with pleasure)          4          She'll ... it ... in her dictionary.
(e)        look out                       be careful                                5          Will you help me ... my lost wallet?
(f)         look up                        refer                                          6          It's difficult to ... what he meant.
(g)        look up                        visit                                           7          I hope you're not ... that story ...
(h)        make out                     understand                              8          Sue ... the picture in the gallery.
(i)         make up                      invent                                       9          I'll ... your cat while you're away.
(j)         make up                      apply cosmetics                     10        Promise to ... me before long?

Unit 7:             Reported Speech

A          Statements: Rewrite the following sentences as indicated.

1       ‘I’m going to Paris soon.’                                                                        She said …………..…………..…………...……………...
2       ‘The film will be interesting.’                                                                  I thought …………..………………………..……………..
3       ‘I can’t help you because I have too much to do.’                              She said …………..………………………..……………..
4       ‘Ann has bought the tickets.’                                                                  I was told …………..………………………..…………….
5       ‘I think it’s a stupid idea, and it won’t work.’                                        She said …………..………………………..……………..
6       ‘Breakfast is served between 7.00 and 9.00.’                                    The receptionist explained …………..………………….
7       ‘I went to Oxford University in the 60s.’                                                He boasted …………..………………………..………….
8       ‘I’ve never been to America,’ she said to me.                                    She told …………..………………………..……………...

B          Questions: Rewrite the following sentences as indicated.

1       ‘Do you want to go out for a meal?’                                                     She asked me …………..………………………………..
2       ‘Why are you late?’ they asked her.                                                     They wondered …………..………………………..……..
3       ‘Can I use your phone?’                                                                         He asked me ....………………………..…………………
4       ‘Where have you come from?’                                                              The customs officer asked me …………..…..…………
5       ‘How long are you going to be on holiday?’                                       She wanted to know …………..…………………………
6       ‘When do you have to go to work?’                                                      She asked me …………..………………………..………
7       ‘Did you post my letter?’                                                                         Penny wondered …………..………………………..……
8       ‘Will you be back early?’                                                                         He asked her …………..………………………..………..

Unit 8:             Connectors

             Rewrite the following sentences using the connectors between brackets.

1          I was very tired; but I couldn’t sleep. (despite)
2          He has got an English name. However, he is German. (although)
3          Her foot was injured. But on the other hand, she managed to walk to the village.(yet)
4          Kate picked up Spanish because she lived in Spain for many years. (due to)
5          Dave doesn’t smoke. And so, he seems to be in good health. (since)
6          As Joe is a millionaire, he loves spending money. (therefore)
7          I’m keen on ice cream. In addition, I just adore chocolate. (as well as)
8          You’re late again. Furthermore, you haven’t brought your books. (and)
9          He worked late on Friday because he wanted to finish everything. (in order that)
10        In order to enjoy the weekend with a clear conscience, they tried to finish the work. (so that)

Unit 9:             Conditionals II and III

A      Rewrite the following sentences using If only or I wish.

1          Food costs a lot.                                                                       7          Trains arrive late.
2          Mary smokes too much.                                                         8          Bill has to go home now.
3          That car is too expensive.                                                       9          The club must close at 11 p.m.
4          Jim's had his hair cut short.                                                    10        The bar was out of beer last night.
5          Bob didn't tell you what was wrong.                                     11        You couldn't buy the car you wanted.
6          John didn't study English last year.                                      12        Jim wasn't up when you called on him.

B          Rewrite the following sentences using If.

1          Richard isn't happy. He's married.                                              2          Bill makes a lot of money. He works hard.
3          Paul's going to the bank. He needs a loan.                               4          John's interested in Mary. She dresses well.
5          Susan can't go to the next town. There's no bus.                     6          Bob doesn't use a computer. He doesn't know how to.
7          John drove because he didn't know that he was incapable. 8          Mary didn't write her letters. She had to go to class.
9          Jim didn't play chess. He was obliged to do some work.       10        Barbara walked to the station. She couldn't get a taxi.

Unit 10:           Relative Clauses

A          Join these sentences with who(m), which or nothing.

1       He's the accountant. You recommended him to me.                 2       She's the nurse. I saw her at the hospital.
3       They're the postcards. I sent them from Spain.                           4       They're the secretaries. Mr Pym employed them
5       That's the magazine. I got it for you yesterday.                            6       They're the workmen. I paid them for the job.
7       That's the dog! I saw it at the dog show last week.                      8       They're the birds. I fed them this morning.

B          Six sentences are incorrect. Rewrite them, adding relative pronouns and commas where necessary.

1          My brother that works in Cardiff is an opera singer.
2          Jenny of who l told you about last week is getting married.
3          The house we saw last weekend is worth over £1 million.
4          The children didn't pass the test had to take it again.
5          Our car which, we bought last year has been stolen, from our garage.
6          The film was on TV last right was absolutely fascinating.
7          Pilar, who guided us around the town, is a real expert on Spanish history.
8          My colleague, which showed us how to use the computer has been promoted, to the Los Angeles office.
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