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A. KHARIF


Irregular Verbs – Families


 

Family N° 1          ~a~                               ~u~

begin                     began                          begun
drink                       drank                           drunk
ring                         rang                             rung
run                          ran                                run
shrink                     shrank                         shrunk
sing                        sang                             sung
sink                        sank                             sunk
spring                    sprang                         sprung
stink                       stank                            stunk
swim                      swam                           swum
Family N° 2              ~u~                               ~u~

cling                           clung                            clung
dig                              dug                               dug
fling                           flung                             flung
sling                           slung                            slung
spin                            spun                             spun
stick                           stuck                             stuck
sting                           stung                            stung
strike                          struck                           struck
swing                         swung                          swung
wring                         wrung                           wrung
Family N° 3          ~ood                            ~ood

stand                      stood                            stood
understand           understood                 understood
withstand              withstood                    withstood
Family N° 4              ~ame                           ~ome

become                    became                       become
come                         came                            come
overcome                 overcame                    overcome
Family N° 5          ~ore                             ~orn

swear                     swore                           sworn
tear                         tore                               torn
wear                       wore                             worn
Family N° 6              ~o~                               ~o~

get                              got                                got / gotten (AmE)
shoot                         shot                              shot
win                             won                              won
Family N° 7          ~at                                ~at

sit                            sat                                sat
spit                         spat                              spat
Family N° 8                                                    ~ain

lie                               lay                                 lain
slay                            slew                              slayed / slain
Family N° 9          No Change

beset                      beset                            beset
bet                          bet / betted                  bet
bid                          bid                                bid
broadcast              broadcast                    broadcast
burst                       burst                             burst
cast                        cast                              cast
cost                        cost                              cost
cut                          cut                                cut
hit                           hit                                 hit
hurt                         hurt                               hurt
let                           let                                 let
put                          put                                put
rid                           rid                                 rid
read                       read                             read
set                          set                                set
shed                       shed                             shed
shut                        shut                              shut
split                        split                              split
spread                   spread                         spread
upset                      upset                            upset 
Family N° 10            ~ought                         ~ought

buy                             bought                         bought
bring                          brought                        brought
fight                           fought                          fought
seek                           sought                          sought
think                           thought                        thought
Family N° 11            ~aught                         ~aught

catch                          caught                          caught
teach                         taught                           taught
Family N° 12                                                  ~ne

bear                           bore                              borne
do                               did                                done
forego / forgo           forewent                      foregone
go                               went                             gone
overdo                       overdid                        overdone
shine                         shone                           shone
Family N° 13                                              ~en

awake                    awoke                          awoken
arise                       arose                           arisen
be                           was / were                  been
beat                        beat                              beaten
bite                         bit                                 bitten
break                     broke                           broken
choose                  chose                           chosen
drive                       drove                           driven
eat                          ate                                eaten
fall                          fell                                fallen
forbid                     forbade                       forbidden
forget                     forgot                           forgotten
forgive                   forgave                        forgiven
freeze                    froze                            frozen
give                        gave                             given
hide                        hid                                hidden
mistake                 mistook                       mistaken
ride                         rode                             ridden
rise                         rose                              risen
see                         saw                              seen
shake                     shook                           shaken
speak                     spoke                           spoken
steal                       stole                             stolen
take                        took                              taken
write                       wrote                            written
Family N° 14            ~ou~                             ~ou~

bind                           bound                          bound
find                            found                           found
grind                          ground                         ground
wind                           wound                          wound
Family N° 15            ~t                                  ~t

bend                          bent                              bent
build                          built                              built
creep                         crept                             crept
deal                           dealt                             dealt
feel                            felt                                felt
keep                          kept                              kept
kneel                         knelt                             knelt
leave                         left                                left
lend                           lent                               lent
lose                            lost                                lost
mean                         meant                          meant
send                          sent                              sent
sleep                         slept                             slept
spend                        spent                            spent
sweep                       swept                           swept
weep                         wept                             wept
Family N° 16        ~ew                              ~wn

blow                       blew                             blown
draw                       drew                             drawn
fly                           flew                              flown
grow                       grew                             grown
know                      knew                            known
overthrow              overthrew                    overthrown
throw                      threw                            thrown
withdraw               withdrew                     withdrawn
Family N° 17            ~d                                 ~d

hear                           heard                           heard
have                          had                               had
lay                              laid                               laid
make                         made                           made
pay                             paid                              paid
say                             said                              said
sell                             sold                              sold
slide                           slid                                slid
tell                              told                               told
foretell                       foretold                        foretold
Family N° 18        (Ir)regular                   (Ir)regular

burn                       burnt / burned            burnt / burned
dive                        dived / dove (AmE)   dived
dream                    dreamt / dreamed     dreamt / dreamed
fit                            fit / fitted                      fit / fitted
hang                      hung / hanged           hung / hanged 
lean                        leant / leaned             lean / leaned
learn                      learnt / learned          learnt / learned
quit                         quit / quitted                quit / quitted
show                      showed                       shown / showed
smell                      smelt / smelled          smelt / smelled
spell                       spelt / spelled             spelt / spelled
spoil                       spoilt / spoiled            spoilt / spoiled
wake                      woke / waked             woken / waked
wed                        wedded / wed            wedded / wed
Family N° 19            ~e~                               ~e~

bleed                         bled                              bled
breed                         bred                              bred
feed                           fed                                fed
flee                            fled                               fled
hold                           held                              held
lead                           led                                led
meet                          met                               met
uphold                       upheld                         upheld
withhold                    withheld                       withheld
Watch out!!

Confusing cases
1     find                     found                           found
       found                 founded                       founded

2     lie                        lay                                 lain
       lie                        lied                               lied
       lay                       laid                               laid

3     raise                   raised                           raised
       rise                     rose                              risen

4     leave                  left                                left
       live                      lived                             lived

5     sit                        sat                                 sat
       set                       set                                 set

6     fly                        flew                              flown
       flow                    flowed                          flowed
7     think                   thought                        thought
       thank                  thanked                       thanked

8     see                     saw                               seen
       saw                     sawed                          sawed
       sew                     sewed                          sewed
       sow                     sowed                          sowed

9     read                    read                              read
       rid                       rid                                 rid
       ride                     rode                              ridden

10   fall                      fell                                fallen
       fell                      felled                            felled
       fill                        filled                             filled

11   spill                     spilled                          spilled
       spell                   spelt                             spelt